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"Walking the Yellow Brick Road of Finance: Unveiling 'The Wizard of Oz' Parallels in Late 19th Century Economics"

"Navigating the Financial Oz: Unraveling the Political Symbolism in 'The Wizard of Oz'"

As we delve into the late 19th century, a time marked by a heated political battle over the monetary system, an unexpected guide emerges – "The Wizard of Oz." This classic tale acts as a unique lens through which we explore the clash between two giants of the era: William McKinley, a fervent advocate of the Gold Standard, and William Jennings Bryan, a vocal supporter of silver coinage. The very name "Oz" takes on new significance, serving as an abbreviation for "Ounce" and adding an intriguing layer of symbolism to the narrative.

At its core, the story unfolds with Dorothy as the embodiment of the common American citizen, swept into the whirlwind of economic change.


Her silver slippers, a potent symbol in the ongoing debate over silver coinage, take center stage (later changed to ruby in the movie adaptation).


The Yellow Brick Road, akin to the gold standard, emerges as McKinley's endorsed path, promising stability amid economic uncertainty. Venturing into the characters, the Scarecrow embodies the plight of the struggling farmer, often underestimated for intelligence yet revealing wisdom throughout the journey.


The Tin Man steps forward, representing industrial workers, specifically steelworkers, shedding light on their aspirations for economic compassion.







The Cowardly Lion assumes the role of William Jennings Bryan, known for his vocal opposition to the gold standard but displaying strength when confronted.


The term "silver bug" is often used to describe individuals who passionately support the expanded coinage of silver currency. Bryan, a prominent political figure and three-time Democratic nominee for President, was a vocal proponent of bimetallism, arguing for the unlimited coinage of silver alongside gold.


The Emerald City, an illusion of grandeur, serves as a metaphor for Washington, D.C., and the political establishment. Behind the curtain, the Wizard symbolizes those in power manipulating strings to uphold the gold standard.


Dorothy's quest to unmask the Wizard echoes Bryan's challenge to the prevailing economic order. The Wizard's plea for citizens to ignore the man behind the curtain mirrors the establishment's attempt to divert attention from the silver debate.

In this financial allegory, "The Wizard of Oz" unfolds as a captivating narrative, providing a nuanced understanding of the complexities surrounding the Gold Standard debate and the broader socioeconomic struggles of the late 19th century. The Yellow Brick Road transforms into a metaphorical journey through the economic and political landscapes of the time, offering a timeless reflection on the pursuit of stability and the challenges of challenging established norms. So, put on your silver slippers and join us as we follow the Yellow Brick Road through the financial intricacies of the past.


The 1896 presidential campaign stands out as one of the most thrilling episodes in American political history. At its core was a fierce debate over the nation's money supply, a critical issue exacerbated by the economic depression that began in 1893. The divide within public opinion and the Democratic Party itself was palpable, with factions supporting either the gold standard or free silver—a form of currency inflation aimed at alleviating the economic downturn.


Presidential Nominees:

In June, the Republican National Convention in St. Louis witnessed the rise of former Ohio congressman and governor William McKinley, known for his moderate stance on gold and silver. McKinley easily secured the Republican presidential nomination, supported by most Republicans and Democrats aligned with President Grover Cleveland. His running mate, Garret A. Hobart of New Jersey, joined the ticket after Thomas Reed declined the vice presidential nomination.

On the Democratic side, the convention in Chicago the following month saw the emergence of William Jennings Bryan, a magnetic orator and former Nebraska congressman. Despite his youth at only 36, Bryan's iconic "Cross of Gold" speech, advocating for free silver, resonated with the convention and led to his nomination for president on the fifth ballot. The Populist and National Silver parties also endorsed Bryan, while Arthur Sewall of Maine became the Democratic vice presidential candidate. The Populists, attempting to maintain their distinct identity, nominated Thomas E. Watson as their vice presidential candidate.

The Campaign:

McKinley, running on a Republican platform firmly supporting the gold standard, adopted a strategic approach by staying in Canton, Ohio. He engaged with visiting Republican delegations at his front porch, delivering meticulously prepared speeches highlighting the benefits of a gold-backed currency. Meanwhile, Bryan embarked on a vigorous campaign, covering extensive distances and delivering numerous speeches advocating for an inflated currency to aid struggling farmers and debtors.

Republican industrialist Mark Hanna played a pivotal role, securing substantial campaign contributions from big businesses. Hanna directed a network of Republican speakers who portrayed Bryan as a dangerous radical, positioning McKinley as "the advance agent of prosperity." Despite Bryan's devoted voter base, which secured victories in the South and most of the mountain West, McKinley decisively won the election. Carrying the North and Pacific West, McKinley became the first president since 1872 to achieve a popular majority. In the electoral college, McKinley defeated Bryan 271 to 176.

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